वर्डवाइड ज्वालामुखी और भूकंप समाचार - पुरालेख नवम्बर 29 - दिसंबर 4, 2014

इस पृष्ठ पर : Fogo (Cabo Verde), Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia), Aso (Japan), Chiles and Cerro Negro (Colombia), Copahue (Chile),Ubinas and Sabancaya (Peru), Bardarbunga (Iceland), El Hierro (Canary Islands), Nishinoshima (Japan), Shishaldin (Alaska), Ruapehu (New Zealand), Kilauea (Hawaii), Stromboli (Italy), Santiaguito (Guatemala), Kuril Islands volcanoes (Russia)

हमारी रिपोर्ट के नवीनतम भाग को पढ़ने के लिए यहां क्लिक करें
यह रिपोर्ट कई सूचना स्रोतों से संकलित की गई है

हमारे एल हिरो ज्वालामुखी रिपोर्ट के लिए: यहां क्लिक करें


फोगो, कैबो वर्दे अद्यतन दिसंबर 4, 17: 30 यूटीसी (आर्मंड)

@ कल्चरवोलकैन की रिपोर्ट है कि फोगो विस्फोट में काफी कमी आई है और विनाशकारी प्रवाह (शायद अस्थायी तौर पर) बंद हो गया है। इसका मतलब है, कम से कम अब तक, पोर्टलिला के निवासियों के लिए अच्छी खबर है, जिनके घर मौजूदा प्रवाह से बच गए हैं। फोगो में विस्फोट स्ट्रोंबोोलियन है, जिसका अर्थ है अल्पकालीन मजबूत विस्फोट।

फोगो, कैबो वर्दे दिसंबर 4, 12: 11 यूटीसी (जनीन)

एएसओ, जापान दिसंबर 4, 11: 10 यूटीसी (जनीन)

नेव्हाडो डेल Ruiz, कोलम्बिया दिसंबर 4, 10: 36 यूटीसी (जनीन)
The Observatorio Vulcanologico Y Sismologico de Manizales reports a significant increase in VT earthquakes associated with rock fracturing began on December 3 at 16:50 (local time) northeast of the volcano near the Arenas crater. An earthquake with a maximum magnitude of 3.4 at a depth of 3.3 km was felt in the proximal area. An increase in the VT seismic activity began on December 2, 01:30 local time.

Fogo, Cabo Verde update दिसंबर 4, 10: 36 यूटीसी (आर्मंड)
जिस तरह से # फ़ोगो # वोल्क्नो # एर्टप्शन एक आईआर छवि (पूर्व-संसाधित) (स्रोत इनवॉलैन, कैनरी द्वीप) के रूप में दिखता है

छवि शिष्टाचार और कॉपीराइट Involcan

छवि शिष्टाचार और कॉपीराइट Involcan

Chiles - Cerro Negro, Colombia update December 4, 09:25 UTC (Armand)
The alert level of the volcano has been decreased to Yellow. Seismicity is still important but decreased considerably

कोपाहु ज्वालामुखी, चिली update December 4, 09:25 UTC (Armand)
The activity of the Chilean volcano did become magmatic

Fogo, Cabo Verde update दिसंबर 4, 09: 19 यूटीसी (आर्मंड)
आईएनजीटी से एक नक्शा नीचे लाओवा की स्थिति को फोगो ज्वालामुखी की स्थिति दिखा रहा है क्योंकि कलला इलाके में यह कल सुबह था

मूल आकार में इसे देखने के लिए इस चित्र पर क्लिक करें

मूल आकार में इसे देखने के लिए इस चित्र पर क्लिक करें

एएसओ, जापान दिसंबर 4, 3: 46 यूटीसी (जनीन)
MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer sensor on NASA's Aqua satellite) image of an ash plume from Aso volcano's Naka-Dake crater traveling to the southeast on November 29. Image courtesy of NASA Earth Observatory.

Image courtesy of NASA Earth Observatory, acquired 29 November.

Image courtesy of NASA Earth Observatory, acquired 29 November.

Ubinas, Peru दिसंबर 4, 03: 15 यूटीसी (जनीन)
Fumerolic activity has significantly decreased during the past week and seismic activity has slightly increased. A low amount of VT earthquakes associated with the fracturing of rock have been recorded. LP earthquakes associated with magmatic fluid movement has increased, peaking at 310 events on November 27 - the highest recorded in 3 months. No hybrid earthquakes have been recorded since the last explosion on November 23.
पूरी रिपोर्ट को यहां पर पढ़ें

सबानकाया, पेरू दिसंबर 4, 03: 15 यूटीसी (जनीन)
Seismic activity related to rock fracturing and the movement of fluids has increased slightly during the past week. VT earthquakes have increased from an average of 38 to 58 per day located between 6-15 km north and northeast of the volcano. Three VT earthquakes were recorded with local magnitude between 2.9 and 3.1 at 8 km depth. LP earthquakes have averaged 15 per day. Hybrid events associated with magma ascent averaged 6 per day in the past week. Fumerolic activity continues but has decreased with steam rising to over 1,400 m.
पूरी रिपोर्ट को यहां पर पढ़ें

Bárðarbunga, आइसलैंड अद्यतन दिसंबर 4, 02: 11 यूटीसी (जनीन)
The Scientific Advisory Board reviewed the Holuhruan eruption data and developments today.
The lava field has reached 76 km² in size with a recent volume estimate of 1 km³ (with an uncertainty of 0.3 km³) - the largest lava field on the planet since the Iceland Laki eruption in 1783-1784. If the current unrest continues the eruption is expected to proceed for at least a few months although the situation may change.
The Holuhraun seismic unrest is among the largest ever recorded at a single volcano globally with a continuation of strong seismicity since August when the progression of the dyke preceded the beginning of the eruption. A peak in seismic activity occurred in early September coinciding with a peak lava flow rate of about 200 m³ per second, after which both have been in decline. The flow rate for November is estimated to have been under 100 m³ per second. Subsidence of the Bárðarbunga caldera began at a rate around 80 cm per day in August and has since slowed to around 25 cm per day, resulting in a subsidence depth of about 50 m in the center of the bowl-like depression.
Ground deformation studies indicate a magma volume in the dyke of approximately 0.5 km³ that was already in place before the eruption commenced. The amount of lava effusion is large and steady, with geochemistry indicating a primitive basaltic composition typical of the Bárðarbunga system, and a stabilization depth of 9-20 km.
Due to the size and duration of the eruption the gas pollution is the first to impact Iceland in 150 years. The average flux of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the first month was estimated to have been 400 kg per second, and has been measured to be as high as 1300 kg per second. The SO2 flux is expected to decline along with an eventual decline in lava effusion.
Access the full report here


Fogo, Cabo Verde update दिसंबर 3, 18: 10 यूटीसी (आर्मंड)
एवलोलन (कैनरी आइलैंड्स) आईआर के विस्फोट के लावा के वीडियो को मापने

El Hierro, Canary Islands update December 3 17:53 UTC (Armand)
Seismicity almost stopped the second part of November. All earthquakes since October 6 here

छवियाँ सौजन्य और कॉपीराइट आईजीएन स्पेन

छवियाँ सौजन्य और कॉपीराइट आईजीएन स्पेन

Fogo, Cabo Verde update दिसंबर 3, 15: 52 यूटीसी (आर्मंड)
अपने घर को धीरे-धीरे चलती हुई मेग्मा से घिरी हुई देखने के लिए यह दुखद होना चाहिए। अब तक, एए लावा के प्रवाह को हटाने के सभी प्रयास असफल हुए हैं। लावा कागज की तरह कंक्रीट का टुकड़ा होता है।

छवि सौजन्य और कॉपीराइट इनवॉलकैन, कैनरी आइलैंड्स

छवि सौजन्य और कॉपीराइट इनवॉलकैन, कैनरी आइलैंड्स

निशिनोशिमा, जापान December 3, 12:33 UTC (Janine - @JanineKrippner)
Operational Land Imager (OLI) Landsat 8 image acquired on November 25 shows the now 1-year-old Nishinoshima volcanic island that has grown to 1.89 square km (0.73 square miles) with the highest elevation point at 100 m (328 feet) above sea level. A faint grey plume is visible to the north of the island. Image courtesy of the NASA Earth Observatory.

Nishinoshima volcano OLI Landsat 8 image, acquired November 25.

Nishinoshima volcano OLI Landsat 8 image, acquired November 25.

शिशल्डिन, अलास्का दिसंबर 3, 12: 23 यूटीसी (जनीन)
The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) reports continued elevated seismic activity. A low-level lava eruption is probably still occurring although visual satellite confirmation is prevented by cloud cover.

फोगो, कैबो वर्दे अद्यतन दिसम्बर 3, 12: 22 UTC (Armand)

Involcan वैज्ञानिकों द्वारा बनाई गई सुंदर छवि - छवि शिष्टाचार और कॉपीराइट Involcan, कैनरी द्वीप

Involcan वैज्ञानिकों द्वारा बनाई गई सुंदर छवि - छवि शिष्टाचार और कॉपीराइट Involcan, कैनरी द्वीप

Ruapehu, New Zealand दिसंबर 3, 12: 23 यूटीसी (जनीन)
The Ruapehu crater lake is currently in a cooling trend and has reached 15ºC, the lowest temperature recorded since April 2010. This is part of a regular heating and cooling cycle that sees temperatures below 22ºC 25% of the time. Heat flow and chemistry data show that the vents at the base of the lake are not sealed.
Read full article here

Bárðarbunga, आइसलैंड अद्यतन दिसंबर 3, 12: 02 यूटीसी (जनीन)
The Icelandic Met Office has developed an online interactive gas dispersal model that displays calculations of SO2 emissions at the ground level for each hour ranging from hazardous (maroon) to good (green). SO2 gas inhalation can result in serious respiratory issues and this tool allows individuals to see the hazard level in their area and take recommended actions.
Access the map here

Holuhraun eruption SO2 gas dispersal map

Holuhraun eruption SO2 gas dispersal map

हवाई पहोआ, पुउ'ओओ दिसंबर 3 अद्यतन करें, 12:02 UTC (Janine)
The new lava lobe is advancing and widening, now 4.3 km (2.7 miles) from Highway 130. The below WorldView 2 satellite, sensor image (acquired December 1) shows the active flow front moving to the west of the older, now inactive, flow. A faint blow/grey smoke plume is visible due to burning vegetation.
Read full article here

WorldView-2 image of the June 27 lava flow

WorldView-2 image of the June 27 lava flow

https://twitter.com/Bromotengger/status/540109618165592064


हवाई पहोआ, पुउ'ओओ दिसंबर 2 अद्यतन करें, 19: 23 यूटीसी
The new leading edge of the June 27 lava flow is receiving a large volume of lava resulting in the advancement rate of ~400 meters (1/4 mile) per day. At this rate, and along the current flow path to the north-northeast, the flow front could reach Pahoa as soon as December 12. The flow could possibly break off to a second line of steepest descent to head towards Ainaloa, or head down both paths of steepest descent. It is too early to tell at this point.
There is no immediate threat to the local communities.
पूरा लेख यहाँ पढ़ें

फोगो, कैबो वर्दे अद्यतन दिसम्बर 2, 17: 35 UTC (Armand)
लावा प्रवाह ने स्कूल, होटल और कई घरों को नहीं छोड़ा।
आज विस्फोट की शुरूआत से दस दिनों में सबसे ज़्यादा 10 हो रहा है। अभी तक 57 घरों (केवल आज ही 37) नष्ट हो गए थे, 51 टैंकों और लगभग 30 हेक्टेयर भूमि का उपयोग लावा द्वारा किया गया है।

Bárðarbunga, आइसलैंड अद्यतन दिसंबर 2, 17: 23 यूटीसी (आर्मंड)
NASA picture of the Bardarbunga, Holuhraun eruption. The new outbreak on the north side has increased 450 meter towards NNE since 30.11.2014!

Image courtesy Nasa

Image courtesy Nasa

A new volunteer reporter for this volcano page
Janine Krippner is her name. She is following up volcanoes all over the world which means that she will be a grace for our readers. People active on Twitter (tweep name @janinekrippner) may known here for some time as she actively tweets about whatever happens in the volcano world. Her own description on twitter is as follows :
"Kiwi volcanologist, remote sensor, & PhD researcher crazy about volcanoes! Studying pyroclastic flows & lahars on Shiveluch & Merapi - University of Pittsburgh" On behalf of our readers we wish Janine a great time and interaction on Earthquake-report.com.

2014 12-02-15.39.01 में स्क्रीन शॉट
फोगो, कैबो वर्दे अद्यतन दिसम्बर 2, 14: 48 UTC (Armand)
सेंटीन-एक्सएक्सएक्सए उपग्रह से ईएसए रडार छवियां हाल ही में फोगो ज्वालामुखी के उभरने वाले जमीन आंदोलनों की निगरानी में मदद कर रही हैं केप वर्डे के फोगो द्वीप पर स्थित, ज्वालामुखी 1 नवंबर में 23 नवंबर में पहली बार भड़क उठे और तब से सक्रिय रहा है जब से लावा प्रवाह निकटवर्ती गांवों की धमकी दे रहे हैं, और स्थानीय निवासियों को निकाला गया है। ज्वालामुखी का अध्ययन करने के लिए सेंटीन-19A उपग्रह से रडार का उपयोग किया जा रहा है उपरोक्त छवि - एक 'इंटरफेरोग्राम' - विस्फोट के पहले और दौरान, 1 नवंबर और 3 नवंबर से दो रडार छवियों का एक संयोजन है। जमीन पर विरूपण रडार संकेतों में बदलाव का कारण बनता है जो इंद्रधनुष-रंगीन पैटर्न के रूप में प्रकट होता है
पूरा लेख यहाँ पढ़ें

2014 12-02-15.46.53 में स्क्रीन शॉट

Important Fogo, Cabo Verde अद्यतन दिसम्बर 2, 12: 43 UTC (Armand)
आज सुबह नाटकीय दृश्यों के रूप में क्रूर ए.ए. लावा प्रवाह द्वारा अधिक से अधिक घरों को खाया जाता है नीचे दिए गए वीडियो को कुछ मिनट पहले ही कैप्चर किया गया है।

आपकी जानकारी के लिए
We have archived the November 23 to November 28 items. Links to all archived parts can be found at the bottom of this page + here for the latest part

नेव्हाडो डेल Ruiz, कोलम्बिया update December 2, 11:14 UTC (Janine)
Nevado del Ruiz volcano (Colombia) time series videos of activity showing small gas plumes. Seismic activity has been recently increasing due to fluid movement within the volcanic system.
Video below posted on November 29 by the Colombian Geological Survey Through The volcanological And Seismological Observatory Manizales.

Click on this picture to start the short video

Click on this picture to start the short video

हवाई पहोआ, पुउ'ओओ update December 2, 11:01 यूटीसी (@JanineKrippner)
The new lava lobe of the June 27 lava flow is moving approximately 400 m (400 yards) per day and is following a new flow path. The lobe is forecasted to flow towards the intersection of Pāhoa Village Road and Highway 130.
पूरा लेख यहाँ पढ़ें

Comparison of photograph and thermal image of the new lava lobe - Click on the images to enlarge

Photo taken on December 1, courtesy USGS HVO showing current active flow front - Click on the image to enlarge

फोगो, कैबो वर्दे दिसंबर 2 अद्यतन करें, 10: 48 UTC (Janine)
मॉडिस (एक्वा सैटेलाइट पर) फोगो ज्वालामुखी की छवि, केप व्हर्दे, नवंबर 29 पर अधिग्रहित गैस प्लम (बेहोश नीले-भूरे रंग के लकीर) को दर्शाता है।

नासा पृथ्वी वेधशाला के चित्र सौजन्य

नासा पृथ्वी वेधशाला के चित्र सौजन्य

फोगो, कैबो वर्दे Update December 2, 10:29 UTC (Armand)
जब पिको ने फोगो को एक्सएनएएनएक्स नवंबर में भगा दिया था, तो उपग्रह से पहला संकेत एसईवीआईआरआई से मेटाओसैट-एक्सयूएनएक्स 23 पर आया था: 10 यूटीसी। एसओएक्सएक्सएक्स का पता SEVIRI से पाया गया था, और नासा के एक्वा सैटेलाइट पर एआईआरएस भी था, जो लगभग 11 किलोोटॉन (केटी) के शुरुआती अनुमान के साथ था।
पूरा लेख यहाँ पढ़ें

छवि सौजन्य और कॉपीराइट Eumetsat

छवि सौजन्य और कॉपीराइट Eumetsat

हवाई पहोआ, पुउ'ओओ update December 2, 09:38 UTC (Armand)
USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists conducted an overflight at midday on Monday, mapping and observing the entire length of the June 27th lava flow field. Since the last overflight on November 24, a narrow finger has broken away from the west edge of the flow field and moved to the north by about 2.8 km (1.7 mi), which is an average advance rate of 400 meters/day (440 yards/day). The finger branches off at a point downslope of the crack system where the older flow makes a bend from the north to the northeast. Along its length, the width of the active finger varies from 30 meters (33 yards) to 180 meters (200 yards). The total length of the flow, between Puʻu ʻŌʻō and the front of the new finger, is 18.3 km (11.4 mi) as measured along the flow axis.
The new finger is following a different steepest-descent path than the previously active flow lobe. The new forecast path takes the flow towards the intersection of Pāhoa Village Road and Highway 130, in the vicinity of the Pahoa Marketplace. The flow is currently about 4.6 km (2.9 miles) upslope of the intersection as measured along a straight line. The flow is approaching an area of gentler topography, however, where two steepest-descent paths nearly converge. The ultimate flow path is therefore difficult to forecast while the activity remains upslope of this point.
During the overflight, HVO scientists were also able to measure the cross-sectional area of the lava stream within the tube near Puʻu ʻŌʻō. Their result of 2.0 square meters (2.4 square yards) is a 25% reduction in area compared to last week. A smaller lava-stream cross section is consistent with less lava flowing through the tube due to the current summit deflation, which has been ongoing since Saturday morning.
Based on the gentler topography that the flow is approaching and the decrease in cross-sectional area of the lava stream within the tube, it is likely that the advance rate of the narrow finger will slow in the coming days.
In addition to the narrow finger, weak activity is also present in three areas upslope: 1) surface lava was active where the new finger branches off from the existing flow field; 2) minor surface flows were extending the flow margin to the east at the eastern edge of the crack system; and 3) about 3.5 km (2.2 mi) downslope from Puʻu ʻŌʻō, small amounts of surface lava marked the continued activity of the breakout that started near the Kahaualeʻa cone about two weeks ago. Observations of the stalled flow that extends from the crack system into Pāhoa Village indicate that the lava tube is not being reoccupied, and that this lobe of the flow is effectively inactive.

Click o,n the map to make it bigger

Click o,n the map to make it bigger

स्ट्रोंबोली, सिसिली, इटली (आर्मंड)
Infrequent but strong explosions on the summit vents


Santiaguito, ग्वाटेमाला
A column of white fumaroles. Some ash explosions reached 3000 m

Image courtesy Conred Guatemala

Image courtesy Conred Guatemala

Copahue ज्वालामुखी, चिली

हवाई पहोआ update December 1, 15:43 UTC
The lowermost breakouts on the flow field continue to advance downslope between the abandoned geothermal well site and Kaohe Homesteads. Webcam imagery of smoke from burning forest suggests that the flow is advancing by several hundred meters per day along the northwest margin of the existing flow, which is consistent with observations from recent Civil Defense overflights. Based on these data, the flow is now within about 4 km (2.5 miles) of Apaʻa Street. An HVO overflight is planned for Monday, weather permitting.
Map below has been published by the County of Hawaii on November 29. Report above dates from November 30

2014 12-01-16.47.42 में स्क्रीन शॉट

फोगो, कैबो वर्दे दिसंबर 1, 15: 24 यूटीसी अपडेट करें
FOGO ज्वालामुखी में कठोर परिस्थितियां INVOLCAN टीम को खुद को बचाने के लिए मास्क पहनना पड़ता है Involcan भी रिपोर्ट है कि विस्फोट बहुत अधिक राख के साथ अधिक विस्फोटक हो जाता है बाहर निकाला जा रहा है
अकेले ही कल रात लावा फ्लो द्वारा 3 घरों को नष्ट कर दिया गया है।

2014 12-01-16.07.52 में स्क्रीन शॉट

नया लावा प्रवाह अतिरिक्त लाल) उत्तर में पोर्टलुला का मुख्य भाग (अभी भी विनाश से बचा हुआ है)

नया लावा प्रवाह अतिरिक्त लाल) उत्तर में पोर्टलुला का मुख्य भाग (अभी भी विनाश से बचा हुआ है) - पूर्ण आकार देखने के लिए छवि पर क्लिक करें

छवि शिष्टाचार और कॉपीराइट Involcan

छवि शिष्टाचार और कॉपीराइट Involcan

बरारारबुंगा वैज्ञानिक सलाहकार बोर्ड अद्यतन दिसंबर 1, 15: 00 यूटीसी
* Insubstantial (scientific way of saying almost none) changes have been on the volcanic eruption in Holuhraun over the last two weeks.
* Seismic activity in Bardarbunga continues to be strong. The biggest earthquake that was detected since noon on Friday, was of magnitude M4,5 on Friday, 28. November at 22:52. Since noon on Friday 12 earthquakes larger then M4,0 were detected in Bardarbunga. In total about 200 earthquakes were detected in Bardarbunga since noon on
शुक्रवार.
* About 10 earthquakes were detected in the dyke and around the eruption site in Holuhraun since Friday. All of them were smaller then magnitude M1,0. It is worth noting that the seismograph network is sensitive to wind so fewer smaller earthquakes are detected during a stormy weather like the one that has gone over Iceland in the last few
दिन.

New map of #Holuhraun lava field. It's just over 75 km2 by now and keeps growing. - Image courtesy and copyright University of Iceland

Bardarbunga volcano - New map of the Holuhraun lava field. It's just over 75 km2 by now and keeps growing. - Image courtesy and copyright University of Iceland

Hottest place in Iceland right now, the boiling lava lake in Holuhraun  - Image courtesy and copyright University of Iceland

Hottest place in Iceland right now, the boiling lava lake in Holuhraun - Image courtesy and copyright University of Iceland


फोगो, कैबो वर्दे नवंबर 30, 19 अद्यतन करें: 59 यूटीसी
लावा प्रवाह थोड़ी मात्रा में थोड़ा सा में प्रवेश कर रहा है Portela और जिस चीज को उसके रास्ते पर मिलती है उसे नष्ट कर देती है, यहां की इमारत राष्ट्रीय उद्यान मुख्यालय


फोगो, कैबो वर्दे नवंबर 29, 14 अद्यतन करें: 03 यूटीसी
सभी प्रकार के डेटा को मापने में स्थानीय वैज्ञानिक लोगों के साथ Involcan ज्वालामुखी विशेषज्ञ सहयोग कर रहे हैं इस तस्वीर पर एक आइडलकेन वैज्ञानिक आईआर (इंफ्रा रेड) उपकरण के साथ विस्फोट के तापमान को माप रहा है

छवि सौजन्य और कॉपीराइट इनवॉलैन, इस्लास कैनरिया

छवि सौजन्य और कॉपीराइट इनवॉलैन, इस्लास कैनरिया

फोगो, कैबो वर्दे नवंबर 29, 09 अद्यतन करें: 50 यूटीसी
नीचे दिए गए चित्र वर्तमान लावा प्रवाह का विस्तार दिखा रहे हैं।

छवियाँ शिष्टाचार आईएनजीटी

छवियाँ शिष्टाचार आईएनजीटी

2014 11-29-11.52.19 में स्क्रीन शॉट

Russia Kuril Island volcanoes नवंबर 29 अद्यतन करें


फोगो, कैबो वर्दे नवंबर 29, 00 अद्यतन करें: 16 यूटीसी
फोगो में अविश्वसनीय रात दृश्यों का विस्फोट वीडियो, प्रकृति की सुंदरता का आनंद लें - स्थानीय मुज़िका टीवी के लिए धन्यवाद